- There have been many word puzzles through the ages, some sharing aspects of our modern "crossword" (though none developed or distributed further)
- 79: SATOR square [Roman Empire]
- 1605: Newspapers [Germany]
- 1890: Airoldi's "Per passare il tempo" [Italy]
- 1150 BC: 'Crossword Stela' of Paser, a 20th Dynasty Egyptian limestone stele, constructed by Paser, during the reign of Ramesses VI. It is constructed to be read horizontally, vertically and around its perimeter, therefore three times
- 1st Millenium BC: In the Hebrew version of Psalm 119, each group of eight verses is an alphabetical acrostic (or abecedarius). "Subsections are named after the letters of the Hebrew alphabet, 'Aleph', 'Beth', etc. -- Acrostics prove that the texts in question were originally composed in writing, rather than having existed in oral tradition before being put into writing."
- 169 BC: an acrostic poem by Quintus Ennius; the first letters of each line spelled out, 'Quae Q. Ennius fecit' (Q. Ennius wrote this).
- 140: Paper China. display device and strorage medium
- 1440: Printing press w/ metal movable type Gutenberg in Europe; other types of type and materials earlier in other countries
- 1599: Hymns to Astraea by Sir John Davies; each hymn (verse) spelled out ELISABETHA REGINA (Queen Elizabeth).
- 1605: Newspapers printed, for general public
- 1806: A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language by Noah Webster
- The Definition of a Dictionary Merriam-Webster is revising its most authoritative tome for the digital age. But in an era of twerking and trolling, what should a dictionary look like? (and do we even need one?); 1/12/2015
- 1846: A Valentine by Edgar Allen Poe; poem spelled out the name of Frances Sargent Osgood in the 1st letter of the 1st line, 2nd letter of the 2nd line, etc.
- 1850s: acrostics evolved from poems to puzzles. "A flood of British acrostic books were published which not only praised kings and conquerors but were also intended to educate children in history and geography. The double acrostic was a fad in the latter part of the 19th century. Queen Victoria was believed to be very fond of the double acrostic which, by this time, had evolved from a verse-form into a type of puzzle. This double acrostic was supposedly written by her royal hand."
- 1862: a "cross word puzzle" in Our Young Folks in US
- 1870s: A Boat Beneath a Sunny Sky by Lewis Carroll: poem from Through the Looking Glass; a "master of acrostics", Carroll was also famous for "word links" (doublet, aka word ladder)
- 1872: Planche's Guess Me word puzzle
- 1876: Diamond and other shape word 'squares' American magazine, St. Nicholas; page
- 1883: National Puzzlers' League founded; site
- 1890: "Per passare il tempo" ("To pass the time") by Giuseppe Airoldi in Il Secolo Illustrato della Domenica (on right)
- 1899: 19th Century French Artists Predicted the World of the Future in this Series of Postcards 10/15/2012
- 1904: People's Home Journal blended squares
- next: 1910s, 1920s, ?
- section: History: General References
- Wikipedia: 19th century and earlier; 1900s
- The Decades That Invented the Future: Part 1: 1900-1910 Theory of Relativity; Toaster Heating Element; Football's Forward Pass; Tanks; Vacuum Tube; Gas-Powered Mercedes; Nintendo (playing cards); A Trip to the Moon; Bakelite; Radio; FBI; Kodak Brownie; 10/8/2012
- Paleofuture (predictions): 1870s; 1880s; 1890s; 1900s
- 10 Lifehacks from 100 Years Ago How To: Make a Fire Extinguisher; Extract a Splinter;Preserve Eggs; Fell a Tree; Stop a Mad Dog; Keep Plants Watered While Away on Holiday; Light a Match in the Wind; Make a Chair to Cross a Stream; Rescue Someone from Electric Shock; Make a Water Filter -- from Gallaher's Cigarettes; 7/21/2013