Network Control ProgramNCP provided the middle Transport (vs. Physical and Data Link) layer of the protocol stack. Application services, such as email and file transfer,
were built on top of NCP, using it to handle connections to other host computers; became obsolete when TCP/IP adopted; How ARPANET Works: Protocols
"[Satellites will one day] bring the accumulated knowledge of the world to our fingertips [using an office console that would combine the functionality of the xerox, telephone, TV and a small computer so as to allow both data transfer and video conferencing around the globe]." ~Arthur C. Clarke
"The newest computer can merely compound, at speed, the oldest problem in the relations between human beings, and in the end the communicator will be confronted with the old problem, of what to say and how to say it." ~Edward R. Murrow
"EMAIL: when it absolutely positively has to get lost at the speed of light." ~Anonymous
A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication: Cerf, Kahn [.pdf]; "A protocol that supports the sharing of resources that exist in different packet switching networks is presented. The protocol provides for variation in individual network packet sizes, transmission failures, sequencing, flow control, end-to-end error checking, ...."
Why We're Shutting Off Our CommentsPopular Science; 9/24/2013; "Everything, from evolution to the origins of climate change, is mistakenly up for grabs again. And because comments sections tend to be a grotesque reflection of the media culture surrounding them, the cynical work of undermining bedrock scientific doctrine is now being done beneath our own stories, within a website devoted to championing science."
The Decades That Invented the Future: Part 8: 1970sApple II; Weapons-Grade Lasers; Pentagon Papers; Title IX; Computer Printers; Altair; Atari; Modern Sci-Fi ETs; Anti-Lock Braking System; Color Fine-Art Photography; Fractals; Nixon's nuclear "Project Independence"; 12/13/2012